Monday, October 31, 2005

The Nordics: no place for non-incumbents

Telenor buying Vodafone Sweden is the latest on a long shopping list involving the Nordic incumbents.

Deals this year:
  • Telenor: buys Vodafone Sweden, starts a multi-brand mobile strategy in Denmark, introduces triple play services over ADSL2+ in Sweden, is interested in a DTT license and buy WiMAX spectrum in Norway, acquires Bredbandsbolaget in Sweden and Cybercity in Denmark, at an earlier stage acquired Canal Digital (pan-Nordic).
  • TeliaSonera: denies market rumours about a possible bid for Telenor and leaves the TDC auction, introduces triple play services over ADSL2+ in Finland and Sweden, acquires Chess/Sense in Norway, at an earlier stage acquired Orange Denmark.
  • TDC: may bid for Finnish mobile operator DNA, acquires Swedish Dotcom, starts an MVNO in Norway on Telenor's network, at an earlier stage acquired Song Networks.
What may be concluded?
  • Vodafone and Orange have left the region. Vodafone now has Partner Networks in every Nordic country, except Norway. Telenor may well be the next partner.
  • Tele2 left Finland. Will it stay in Norway and Denmark?
  • Telenor, TeliaSonera and TDC will lead the consolidation. Several smaller operators could be up for sale, e.g.: NextGenTel (fixed) in Norway, Elisa (primarily mobile) in Finland.
  • No consolidation to be expected among the three incumbents.
  • With Apax et al bound to be the new TDC owners, interesting times are coming.
  • Any large European telco wanting to enter the market would simply need to buy any of the three incumbents. It would face stiff competition but no regulatory hurdles.

Sprint rumour without base

This story on PCS Intel seems baseless to me. It reads like a press release - beware. One can only wonder how stock market regulators respond to this.

Sprint Nextel would swap the iDEN network for WiMAX spectrum in the 700 MHz band.
Last time I checked:
  • Would any deal be heavily contested by other (wireless) providers.
  • Were the 2.5 GHz and 5.8 GHz bands reserved for WiMAX in North America.

T.I.M. diary for November 2005

º Sprint Nextel: reseller/MVNO deal with Comcast, Time Warner Cable, Cox (rumoured Nov 1)
º Sonofon (Telenor) launches sub-brand (Nov 1)
º O2 (Isle of Man) and Cingular (3 markets) launch HSDPA (Nov 1)
º Amp’s Mobile (MVNO on Verizon Wireless network) launches (early Nov)
º SureWest rolls out IPTV (with HDTV)
º KPN must introduce WLR
º Orange/FT close the Amena acquisition (mid Nov)
º San Francisco (early Nov) and Scottsdale (Az) (Nov 15) decide on muniwifi contracts
º The Enhanced Wireless Consortium (Intel et al) present an 802.11n proposal (up to 600 Mbps?) to the IEEE
º WiMAX Forum’s Cetecom starts certification for 802.16d products (Nov/Dec)
º Samsung presents WiBro at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit
º Bangladesh: deadline for 5th mobile license (Nov 17)
º Deadline for BWA license offers Brasil (Nov 21) and Ireland (Nov 29)
º Conferences: WiMAX Forum (Nov 7-11, Beijing), eNederland (Nov 8, Zeist), Morgan Stanley TMT Conference (Nov 16-18)
º Earnings: Versatel (Nov 2), KPN (Nov 7), Telecom Italia (Nov 8), Deutsche Telekom (Nov 9), BT (Nov 10), Vodafone (Nov 15), Telefonica (Nov 16), Thus (Nov 21)

º Google: resumes book scanning for Google Print Publisher (Nov 1)
º Convera launches Excalibur (vertical search, Nov 1)
º formally ends its placement deal with (Nov 9)
º Launch of Pajamas Media (blog network; mid Nov)
º Launch of Congoo (search engine with free promotional premium content)

º Comcast, Time Warner Cable, Cox: rumoured deal with Sprint Nextel for reselling services (Nov 1)
º Sogecable: launch of free-to-air channel ‘Cuatro’ (Nov 4)
º XM and DirecTV launch alliance (72 XM stations on DirecTV, Nov 15)
º 2nd Meeting of the Nielsen Media Research ads council
º Nielsen Outdoor (VNU) releases Chicago trial results, starts selling ratings
º Arbitron expects new deals for Project Apollo sponsorships
º Coca-Cola international ad account is pitched for
º Conferences: Arbitron Advertiser Council (Nov 9-10, Washington), Morgan Stanley TMT Conference (Nov 16-18), Online Information 2005 (Londen, Nov 29-Dec 1)
º Movie releases: Chicken Little (Disney, Nov 4), V for Vendetta (Warner, Nov 4), Family Stone (Fox, Nov 4), Derailed (Weinsteins, Nov 11), Jarhead (Universal, Nov 11), Walk the Line (Fox, Nov 18), Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Warner), Polar Express (Warner, re-release)
º DVD releases: Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (Warner, Nov 8), March of the Penguins (Warner, Nov 29)
º Earnings: Viacom (Nov 1), Time Warner (Nov 2), Vivendi Universal (Nov 3 preliminary, Nov 17 full), Wolters Kluwer (Nov 9), Reed Elsevier (trading update, Nov 17)

Tele2 steps up Dutch mobile price war

Tele2 is the latest to undercut prepaid mobile pricing in the Netherlands. Tele2 Champion (take a look at their table, but they left out UPC Mobile at 18 and 9 cents, Simyo at 16 cents and 8 cents and debitel at 14 and 7 cents) includes 14 c/min and 7 c/SMS.

Vodafone, T-Mobile and Orange haven't followed suit yet. Possibly they are preparing convergence products (boxes), like At Home Talk and Web (Vodafone), UMTS/WiFi box (T-Mobile) and Wanadoo Livebox (Orange).

Philips promotes Slingbox

Philips introduces a new product line that will enhance Sling Media's Slingbox performance and lower its pricing (should Sling Media choose to pass on the 20% difference).
The Slingbox, for place-shifted TV to anwhere the broadband subscriber happens to be, got great reviews in the US. Sling Media works on a European (PAL) version and called for trial users.
The company will present itself at the annual CES in January.

Wednesday, October 26, 2005

Wednesday Media Digest

* plan intro legal service by Bertelsmann in Germany late 2005, label ‘GNAB’, also wholesale, license deal with Sony BMG
* intr iMesh (relaunch as legal
* restraining order against

* transition analogue-digital US as of April 7, 2009, subsidy $3 bn for converters for 21m terrestrial households, spectrum sales expected at $10 bn

* Netflix delays download service because of lack of titles
* Weinsteins raise 490m from private equity

* alliance of Akimbo (5200 titles from 80 channels) with Blinkx
* alliance of TWC with NBC Universal (‘Start Over’)

* plan scanning by 100 German publishers (1st phase April 2006), planned alliance with Google (search), costs per publisher 3000 EUR/yr (server) + 10 EUR/book

* Comcast/Cox/TWC near reseller deal with Sprint Nextel

* plan for Endemol (= Telefonica; excludes Endemol France): 20-30% for EUR 800m, November 2005 in Amsterdam

Wednesday Internet Digest

o 22% of online audience shop more online as a result of higher gas prices (7% much more, 15% somewhat; survey Retail Forward)
o Sales US: week as of Oct 2, 2005: +21% to $1.56 bn; 05Q3: +20.4% to $18.2 bn; 05 YTD: +23.6% to $54.87 bn (comScore)
o Holiday sales US: 43% of audience plans online shopping (was 38.3%), total on/off line retail sales expected at $435.3 bn (+5%) (survey NRF/BIGresearch)

Search technology:
o includes Akimbo’s content
o Autonomy creates a conceptual index (1 bn items) using ‘Intelligent Data Operating Layer’ (IDOL), creates categories using ‘Automatic Query Guidance’ (AQG)
o Planned intro of Convera’s private label search engine (‘Excalibur’ technology)
o Intro of (vertical search)

Sponsored search:
o Click fraud: intro ‘Click Forensics 3.5’ by Optimal iQ; Clicklab intros ‘Click Fraud Audit’ service
o Pay-per-call: alliance of Infospace (local search) with Jambo (PPC solution)

Wednesday Telecom Digest

o DSL: intro ADSL2+ by Czech On Line (= Telekom Austria; cap: max 2 Mbps for 1189 CZK/mo = 40 EUR/mo); intro ADSL2+ + VoIP by Tiscali Netherlands
o LLU: plan Sky/Easynet: coverage 70% of pops in UK
o BPL: trial Ambient (Manhattan, pilot, ism Level 3) with EarthLink for VoIP (‘trueVoice’): VoIPoBPL

Wireless – cellular:
o 3G: licences for TOT and CAT (Thailand)
o HSDPA: plan intro by Cingular per 1 nov 05 in 3 markets (with Lucent and Ericsson); plan intro by O2 Manx (with Lucent) per 1 nov 05; trial by China Mobile through 2005 (with Shanghai Bell Alcatel et al); trial BB Mobile (with Nortel)
o P2T: intro by NTT DoCoMo; intro technology from Cisco
o MVNO: rumoured plan by Apple; alliance of Alcatel and Capgemini (MVNE); Vaya rumoured to buy-out InPhonic (MVNE) from Liberty Wireless/Viva Liberty; intro easyMobile in Netherlands (on Telfort network) + plan for Germany + 9 other countries; plan Virgin/Carphone Warehouse in France
o Budget, online, SIM-only: intro by Yiggers (subscription: 1 EUR/mo; 5 c/min, 5 c/SMS, 20 c/MMS, international 30 c/min) and easyMobile (prepaid; set-up 7 c + 16 c/min, 8 c/SMS) on Telfort network; Simyo (KPN, prepaid) lowers tariff to 16 c/min (from 18)
o Push email: intro by Cingular (with OZ Communications)
o TV-o-Wireless: plan intro T-Mobile CZ (with Kudelski)
o GPS: Japan will require for handsets from apr 07
o MNP: intro in Taiwan

Wireless – short range broadband:
o WiFi: intro by Lietuvos Telekomas (100 hotspots, free through spring 2006); intro by 5G Wireless in Westminster (California) aimed at Asian-Americans; plan alliance KPN with Nintendo (for DS service)
o UWB: convergence toward Bluetooth

Wireless – long range broadband:
o BWA: plan intro by VSNL in South-Africa 06Q1 and by Tata (with SNO) 05Q4; auction of 3 licenses in Ireland Nov-Dec 2005; plan IPO IDT Spectrum
o WiMAX: plan intro by TWC in Ukraine (with Wi-LAN’s ‘Libra MXTM WiMAX’) 2007; 175 offers for licences France (32 offer for all 22 regions; deadline Jan 6, 2006, beauty contest February 1, 2006); order caymanone (Cayman Islands) to SOMA (WiMAX + HSDPA); order from Enforta (Sumitomo 50%) in Russia to InfiNet Wireless
o UMTS TDD (IPWireless): intro by T-Mobile CZ (‘4G’)
o WLL: order VNPT (Vietnam) to Siemens, $107m in 10 months

IP, convergence:
o VoIP: plan intro by Saigon Postel Jan 2006 (with Vistula Communications); plan Telefonica Brasil 06Q1; intro peering platform ‘Phonomenum’ (based on ENUM) by FiberNet; intro by Tiscali Netherlands; plan NTT for FTTH subs (500 JPY/mo + 8 JPY for 3 min); intro Skype Groups for SMEs; alliance of Brightpoint (distr) with ECCB (manufactures Skype handsets via USB); intro SIP peering by NeuStar; EarthLink delivers VoIP (‘trueVoice’) for Ambient’s BPL trial
o IPTV: trial by China Telecom and China Netcom (with Shanghai Media Group) in 23 cities; plan Telefonica Brasil 06Q2; plan intro HDTV over IPTV over FTTH by SureWest (trial; commercial November 05)
o DSL/Wifi: alliance of XS4ALL with HotSpots (both KPN): 1 hr/week free WiFi for ADSL subs
o DSB/DSL: acquisition of Easynet by Sky
o Triple play over UMTS: intro Talk & Web box by Vodafone Germany for all contract subs; trial BB Mobile (with LGE (handset), Nortel): triple play over 3G (HSDPA), WiMAX, WiFi (roaming)

o rumoured plan of intro by Telefonica unit Tgestonia

o State: Lebanon wants to sell-out (PTT, 2 cellular cos), expects $3 bn; offering for Tunisie Telecom (35% at around $1.7 bn) delayed to Jan 31, 2006 (Vivendi, FT, Telefonica, Etisalat, TI, PT, Bouygues, Batelco, MTN, MTC, Saudi Oger, Saudi Telecom, Tecom/Dubai Investm Group); planned auctioning off of Algerie Telecom late 2005 (FT, Telefonica, Etisalat, DT)
o IPO: plan Colombia Movil in 2006; plan Endemol November 2005; lowering price range for Eutelsat; plan IDT Spectrum, expects $46m

Friday, October 21, 2005

Update on user-generated content

Here are some of the deals for user-generated content and related services (blogs, podcasts, vlogs, etc.), introduced by the dominant players so far this year.

  • Introduces RSS Reader (beta).
  • Introduces Blog Search (beta).
  • Introduces Google Talk for IM and VoIM.
  • Introduces AdSense for RSS Feeds (beta)
  • Introduces Video Search (beta).
  • Introduces Upload Video (beta).
  • Participates in Al Gore's and Joel Hyatt's Current TV, which broadcasts 'viewer created content' (VC2) and updates from Google's top search queries.


  • Expands Yahoo! News Search to include blogs from, photos from Flickr and links from MyWeb.
  • Introduces Yahoo! Podcasts (RSS, search).
  • Announces interoperability of Yahoo! Messenger and MSN Messenger (next summer).
  • Introduces Yahoo! Audio Search (includes podcasts) into video search (beta).
  • Trials blog search in South Korea.


  • Starts buying blog statistics from Intelliseek.
  • Acquires the Weblogs Inc network from Jason Calacanis.
  • AIM closes distribution alliances with blog boster Six Apart and web log
  • Distribution alliances of AIM with LinkedIn and Facebook.
  • Starts podcasts.


  • MTV bought iFilm, which produces a.o. user generated content.
  • MTV and Cisco introduce the Digital Incubator to feed the new college network mtvU Über with user-generated content
  • introduces blogs centered around TV shows.

Peering, but not without a good agreements

The big five Dutch cable companies, UPC, Casema, Essent, Multikabel and CaiW are setting up a VoIP peering platform. Direct interconnect will save on interconnection fees payable to the telco incumbent, KPN. Google has a similar incentive to construct a GoogleNet.

Things however can go bad. Parties have to agree on payments should traffic from any participant exceed the level of the others. Obviously, Cogent and Level 3 didn't work out the details yet. They have until November 9.

If Forrester declares Blu-ray the winner ...

... I pick HD-DVD. I have my reasons. Also: usually not the best system wins (remember Betamax) and Philips loses.

Recent developments are Warner Bros and Paramount embracing Blu-ray - without giving up support for HD-DVD, however. Microsoft and Intel picked Sony's side at the HD DVD camp. Samsung, a Blu-ray supporter, is supposedly working on a player that will support both formats. And then there is the DivX 6 software, available on an Avel LinkPlayer right now.
Also, China is working on a third technology.

Time for a round-up:

HD DVD---------------------------------------Blu-ray
15--------------------storage (GB) per layer---25
AACS----------------DRM---------------------AACS, ROM-Mark, BD+
cheaper--------------disk production cost------more expensive
----------------------other---------------------laptop compatible
------------------------------------------------double layer disk
Sanyo----------------vendor backers----------Samsung
Universal-------------studio backers----------Sony Pictures
Warner Bros-----------------------------------Warner Bros
Walt Disney------------------------------------Walt Disney
20th Century Fox------------------------------20th Century Fox
------------------------------------------------Lions Gate
Japan: Dec 2005-----planned release
US: Feb/Mar 2006

VoIP according to Forrester

Here's Forrester's view on VoIP, that I do not quite agree with. Would they ever have actually used Skype? Here are some of their dubious claims:
  • Voice calls will never be absolutely free.
  • VoIP isn't really mature today.
  • Slow braodband uptake.
  • VoIP will capture 30% of the residential fixed voice market in 2010 and won't approach 100% until 2020.
  • Global portals like MSN, AOL, Yahoo! will never be able to claim national consumer VoIP market leadership in any Western European country.

He does have a point though when it comes to incumbents and VoIP:

  • Pro-active incumbents launched flat-rate PSTN calling.
  • By launching VoIP services, ADSL bundles, and enhanced functionality services, incumbents are fighting the pure plays on their own turf.
  • Incumbents have many advantages in brand names, customer base, billing, financial strenght.
  • The best pure plays can hope for is to be acquired or to license their often interesting technology and service concepts.

eBay puzzle

Who can help me tie together these eBay snippets:
  • On October 14 the Skype deal closed and eBay paid the initial $1.3 bn (and 33m shares).
  • The corporate jet was sold for $28.3m (see page 11 of the Q3 earnings release). They threw this at the Q3 capex budget.
  • CFO Rajiv Dutta transitions to Skype (see page 1 of the same release).
  • CEO Meg Whitman unsuccesfully interviewed at Disney for the CEO post now given to Bob Iger.
  • EBay is to pay a maximum earn-out to the Skype sellers worth $1.4 bn in cash or stock (at eBay's discretion).
  • EBay understands that phone calls (VoIP) will be free within 3-6 years.

To be sure, I find it hard to see logic in the (price of the) Skype deal, except when you see it as a way to diversify, which Ray Conley explains very well.

Thursday, October 13, 2005

Convergence is happening

Convergence is actually happening - a lot. It is coming in many guises. A short overview from the past few weeks:
  • Deutsche Telekom: have two flat-rate subscriptions for the price of one (10 EUR/mo) from T-Com and T-Mobile. Free F2F calling locally and free M2F calling in two selcted towns.
  • Mobistar, part of Orange in Belgium, introduces ADSL + VoIP. Discounts for mobiel subscribers.
  • Verizon Wireless introduces a Samsung music phone.
  • KPN orders triple play gear from Alcatel.
  • T-Mobile introduces web'n'walk, lastly in the UK.
  • KT Corp will trial a converged network for triple play services.
  • Cingular is rumored to be working on an UMA phone for fixed, cellular (HSDPA) and WiFi access.
  • BT introduces Datazone: datacards for access through WiFi or 3G networks.
  • Google, at its cooperation with NASA, metioned 'bio-info-nano' convergence, whatever that may be.
  • Woosh, using IPWireless gear, starts VoIP over TD-CDMA.
  • China Unicom trials BridgePort for VoIP over wireless.

Bottlenecks in communications networks

My previous post brings me to a whole range of bottlenecks that are sometimes not fully acknowledged, or so it seems.

Non-line-of-sight hurdle to WiMAX

For WiMAX to be succesful, it needs to add non-line-of-sight (NLOS) across a meaningful distance. Reasoning is as follows:

  • For WIMAX to be succesful, it needs scale.
  • For scale, it needs the residential market.
  • To be competitive to DSL and cable modem internet, the cost may not exceed some 30 EUR/month.
  • This can only be done with self-install CPE.
  • Self-install CPE is necessarily indoors.
  • Which implies the need for NLOS.

Much touted bit rates (up to 120 Mbps) and reach (up to 30 miles) are therefore much lower in realistic environments. This goes for NLOS product offerings from vendors like Navini, Alvarion, Clearwire and Redline.

It is kind of hard to get these kinds of data from those companies, but thanks to picoChip we have the above figure. We are talking 2 km max, and bit rates probably in the 2 Mbps ballpark. Now that's a whole different business model (more base stations!).

Final note: providers may disagree on the reasoning. Enertel Wireless for one so far focuses on the business markt. But then, it uses LOS systems, which can provide 5 Mbps symmetric over a distance of 10-15 km.

Tuesday, October 11, 2005

Newspapers: shrink your way to excellence

Newspaper stocks are generally down this year. New York Times -30%, Tribune -22%, Washington Post -22%, Gannett -19%, Knight Ridder -16%, Dow Jones -15%.

The newspaper industry is shrinking for several reasons. First, there is a shift to the internet:
  • Internet usage and broadband explode.
  • The rise of Google, Yahoo! and blogs for news.
  • The rise of eBay, Craigslist, etc. in the classifieds market.
  • Revenue from online ads is simply lower than for print ads.

Second, several other sections of the advertising market show rapid growth.

Third, advertisers are consolidating (Federated/May) and several industries face difficult times (automotive, film).

Interestingly, the New York Times is launching OnMovies in December, an in-cinema magazine free to ticket buyers. It is to be fully advertising funded.


  • Newspapers are moving online and should embrace blogs, podcasts, etc.
  • Free sheets and magazines can capture a so far untapped slice of the ads market.
  • Newspapers, like telco incumbents, must shrink their way to excellence.

Friday, October 07, 2005

Brightcove has a business model

Brightcove, a video-on-demand start-up, has chosen a business model. Operations start early next year. See my previous post of May 31.
Three services center around delivering video through the internet. This will deliver larger audiences to video producers, while allowing them to monetize their content.

Overview of technologies for TV-over-wireless

See also the picture over here.

ZigBee compared to Bluetooth and WiFi

Here's an overview of short-range technologies (and cellular) from

Thursday, October 06, 2005

The cost of scanning a book

For anyone wondering what is costs to scan a book, the University of California gets at 10 cents/page. (See Yahoo!'s support for the Open Content Alliance.) For the 18k planned books, assuming an average 200 pages, that sums up to just $360,000.

Tuesday, October 04, 2005

Spectral efficiency according to ArrayComm


The top line (optimized) represents ArrayComm's iBurst technology.

Legal digital music explodes

IFPI reports that worldwide digital music sales (downloads, streams, subscriptions, burns) almost quadrupled to $790 during the first half. That constitutes 6% of all music sales, versus 1.6% last year.

Add to that the demise of some P2P file-sharing networks (see below), and things start to look a lot rosier for the likes of iTunes. However, MSN seems to think it is late to the party, breaking off talks with music's Big Four.
Of the two pure-play stocks, Warner and EMI, Warner gained 28% since a low on July 7.

Chronology of P2P file-sharing networks:

Monday, October 03, 2005

Google: megalomania or ... ?

Google's highspeed innovation strategy draws two very similar comments, from Breakingviews (subscription) and Robert Cringely (RSS feed).

Breakingviews: "While it's possible Google's $90bn market cap has bred megalomania, there may be a method to this apparent madness. Indeed, Google's value isn't simply a reflection of investors' hopes it will remain the dominant search engine. They are also expecting it to branch into new businesses."

Some quotes from I, Cringely: "What the heck Google is up to is a favorite topic of conversation this week in high tech circles. It's just a hunch of mine, but with more than $2.5 billion in cash already on-hand, I don't think Google has any plans at all for that extra $4 billion. What Google WILL do is roll-out incremental products at a blinding pace. Not long ago, PayPal co-founder Max Levchin explained to me that rapid development is an important key to market dominance.
"What you want to do," he said, "is listen to your customers and bring out every two weeks improved versions that would each take your competitor two months to complete. That's when you are on a rocket -- they can't keep up so they can't compete. They lose hope and pretty soon you have the market pretty much to yourself."That pace of technical development, which probably isn't sustainable for long at any company, isn't POSSIBLE at all at more mature companies like AOL, Yahoo, and especially Microsoft. Google likes to play the Black Box game. What are they DOING in all those buildings with all those PhDs? I'm sure they are doing a lot that will change the world, but just as much that will never even be seen by the world. For the moment, though, it doesn't matter because Google can play the spoiler. Google likes being a mystery, too. Microsoft is totally obsessed with Google because Bill Gates is obsessed with Google. In a way, Bill needs a bogeycompany like Google to motivate the troops, since they are no longer being wowed by Microsoft's stock performance. Not long ago, I spoke with someone from MSN who said the mood there was so tight that his co-workers were acting like mad dogs."

The August-September harvest from Google:
  • WiFi in New York and San Francisco
  • Firefox toolbar (from beta)
  • VPN
  • Agreement with NASA
  • Introduction of Blog Search
  • Expansion of Google Print
  • Trial of offline ads
  • Introduction of Google Talk
  • Acquisition of Android (mobile software)
  • Expansion of Google Desktop

Saturday, October 01, 2005

Bloggers beat telcos

This week's 'Den Haag Telecom 2005' and the preceding evening seminar in Amsterdam, hosted by Citynet (many links there) showed some insightful (if not really new) reasoning from high-profile bloggers versus not more than post-bubble vagueness from telco officials.

James Enck (EuroTelcoBlog) talked about the 'Attack from Cyberspace', i.e. Skype/eBay, Google, Microsoft, Yahoo!, AOL. And then, who knows what News Corp and are up to.
Martin Geddes (Telepocalypse) was equally pessimistic on incumbent telcos in his expansion of David Isenberg's concept 'The Stupid Network'.

The telco guys disappointed. They sounded like they were explaining (in 2001) what went wrong (when the bubble popped in 2000).

Michiel Buitelaar (KPN): "No longer will TV companies decide at what time I should watch a certain program." And also: "People do not want to ADSL, they want to access the internet."

Alert the media.

Disney expands distribution capabilities

Recent developements (below) around Walt Disney all point in the same direction: the company is looking for more ways to leverage and distribute its content.

The Moviebeam project (a proprietary STB for VoD, filled with 100 movies that were beamed along the ABC-network station transmissions) was cancelled and Disney doesn't own a cable (like Time Warner) or satellite (like News Corp) company.